YUAN Yang,ZHANG Lu,LI Zhuyun,et al.Analysis of detection of acute respiratory infection in children under 12 years old in Pudong New Area, Shanghai from 2019 to 2023[J].Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine,2024,36(04):342-347.. doi: 10.19428/j.cnki.sjpm.2024.23526
Citation: YUAN Yang,ZHANG Lu,LI Zhuyun,et al.Analysis of detection of acute respiratory infection in children under 12 years old in Pudong New Area, Shanghai from 2019 to 2023[J].Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine,2024,36(04):342-347.. doi: 10.19428/j.cnki.sjpm.2024.23526

Analysis of detection of acute respiratory infection in children under 12 years old in Pudong New Area, Shanghai from 2019 to 2023

  • Objective To investigate the impact of acute respiratory infections in children under 12 years old in Pudong New Area, Shanghai from 2019 to 2023.
    Methods Acute respiratory infection samples of children under 12 years old from three sentinel hospitals in Pudong New Area, Shanghai from 2019 to 2023 were collected, and 42 respiratory infection pathogens, including influenza virus, adenovirus, parainfluenza virus, respiratory syncytial virus, human enterovirus/rhinovirus, human pulmonary virus, human bokavirus, coronavirus (229E, HKU1, NL63 and OC43), and novel coronavirus, were detected with microfluidic chips. The situation of acute respiratory infections among outpatient and inpatient children in this area was analyzed for the before the implementation of non pharmacological intervention measures (2019.12‒2020.1), during the period of non pharmacological intervention measures (2020.2‒2022.12), and after non pharmacological intervention measures (2023.1‒2023.6).
    Results From 2019 to 2023, a total of 1 770 samples were collected, and 445 pathogens were detected, with a detection rate of 25.14% (445/1 770). The main pathogens detected during the study period were influenza virus: 8.70% (154/1 770), respiratory syncytial virus: 4.41% (78/1 770), human enterovirus/rhinovirus: 2.66% (47/1 770), human adenovirus: 2.49% (44/1 770), and parainfluenza virus: 2.20% (39/1 770). Before the implementation of non pharmacological intervention measures, outpatients were primarily infected with influenza, parainfluenza virus, and respiratory syncytial virus, with detection rates of 8.09%, 4.49%, and 4.04%, respectively; inpatients were mainly infected with influenza, respiratory syncytial virus, and parainfluenza virus, with detection rates of 4.49%, 3.82%, and 3.15%, respectively. During the period of non pharmacological intervention measures, influenza, rhinovirus and respiratory syncytial virus were the main viruses detected in the samples of outpatient children, with detection rates of 4.04%, 3.60%, and 2.47%, respectively; inpatient samples mainly detected respiratory syncytial virus, rhinovirus, and influenza virus, with detection rates of 3.60%, 2.02%, and 1.80%, respectively. After non pharmacological intervention measures, influenza, rhinovirus and respiratory syncytial virus were the main pathogens detected in the outpatients, with detection rates of 9.89%, 2.92% and 2.02%, respectively; influenza, respiratory syncytial virus, and rhinovirus were the main pathogens detected in inpatient children, with detection rates of 6.29%, 1.57%, and 1.35%, respectively.
    Conclusion The prevalence of pathogens related to acute respiratory infections in children is influenced by non pharmacological preventive measures.
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